|Demre or Kale (Myra)
is the home of Saint Nicholas of Patara Bishop of
Myra, also known as Santa Claus. His tomb and an 11th century basilica dedicated
to him are located here. The Acropolis of this Lycian city is situated on top of
the cliffs containing the Lycian rock tombs. The Acropolis is surrounded by
walls from the Hellenistic and Roman Periods. About 20 miles west is Mount
Olympos, home to the legendary eternal flame where the Greek myth Chimera, a
fire-breathing monster with a lion's head, was defeated by Bellerophon.
(Didyma) is the home of the god Apollo where only priests were
allowed to enter and consult the Oracle. The construction of the colossal Temple
of Apollo commenced circa 300 B.C. and continued for 500 years. With its
towering 120 columns it was the third largest temple in the ancient Greek world.
Eventually the cost prohibited its completion. A statue of Poseidon and the
massive head of Medusa are just a few things to see.
The once flourishing ancient port was the
first and the greatest metropolis of Asia. At its peak it had 250,000
inhabitants, was the center of trade and had the world's first bank. Of all the
ancient cities in Turkey, Ephesus with its 5,000 years of history is the best
preserved and most visited in all ages. Many VIPs of ancient history like Lydian
King Croesus, Alexander the Great, St. Paul, St. John, Virgin Mary walked on the
marble paved streets of this magnificent city. To fulfill his pledge to Jesus,
St. John brought Madonna here to protect her. Virgin Mary's house is an
important pilgrimage destination and had Papal visits in the recent years.
Ephesus is one of the Seven Churches: Revelation 1:11:2:1-17 Acts 18:19-28:19
Ancient Biblical town, bizarre beehive style dwellings, one of the
oldest continuously inhabited place.